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What is Special Industry?

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PROPOSED INDUSTRY FOR EAST WANNEROO

GOVERNMENT'S NEW INDUSTRIAL PLAN FOR PERTH AND PEEL

HOW DOES A CEMENT FACTORY STACK UP?


PROPOSED INDUSTRY FOR EAST WANNEROO

The East Wanneroo Structure Plan seems to have contradictions in the information presented. Information under the heading 'Draft Gnangara Sustainability Strategy Land Use Plan' (page 10, fig 5) seems to conflict with information on page 34 of the Implementation map (fig.13). For instance, the areas between Coogee Road and Neaves Road are classified as rural (page 10) and yet on page 34 they are classified as urban.

When talking to Department of Planning we are told that the Draft Gnangara Sustainability Strategy Land Use Plan (page 10, fig 5) is the map to take notice of in regard to development in this area, whereas on page 34, fig.13 the map under Implementation would suggest otherwise. It would seem that the Implementation map with its legend for planned use is the direction the government is pushing and the reality they want us to live with.


Besides the discrepancies between the urban and rural zoning just mentioned, the legend on the Implementation map does not specify the type of industry allowed, whereas that on the Draft Gnangara Sustainability Strategy Land Use Plan (page 10, fig 5) specifies “light industry”.

We deduced the real intention of the state government for the development of this area when the sitting member for Wanneroo told us that heavy industry zoning was planned for that area labeled “industry” on the Implementation map, and on the area labeled “investigation for employment purposes”, - light industry is planned.

Residents are deeply concerned about the effect of the new plans for industry in their neighbourhood on:
A) House values.
B) Their Health.
C) The health of the environment.

The problem in the draft plan as regards the planned industrial zoning is as follows:

People have settled into this area in the last ten years and worked with local and state planners to ensure the agreeable setting of their homes and activities. In the new plans proposed, areas are to be re-zoned as industrial and thus can be used for heavy industry also. Once the change is made anyone owning the land is by law allowed to use it for this purpose. This could turn our area from a semi rural setting into an industrial ghetto with air borne pollution affecting air quality and people with respiratory problems.







GOVERNMENTS NEW INDUSTRIAL PLAN FOR PERTH AND PEEL

Posted on 13th Dec 2009 - Updated on 17th Dec 2009
The pieces of the Jigsaw are strating to fall into place. On the 26th of November 2009 John Day, the state Minister of Planning, announced the government’s new industrial plan for Perth and Peel called the 'Industrial Land Strategy 2009 Perth and Peel'. Public comment on this government strategy closes Friday 12th March 2010. Another date we must all remember.

Download this document from the state government website at:
http://www.planning.wa.gov.au/Plans+and+policies/Publications/2043.aspx

The industrial area allocated for industry in the East Wanneroo Strategy plan has been labeled as a Priority Industrial Site, called the Pinjar South (North west Sector) ( there is a total of six priority sites planned for Perth and Peel regions).

Page 27 of this document says that "The priority sites have been further analysed based on the information gathered for each site, and the following priority has been allocated to sites for action that need to be undertaken immediately". Below this statement is a picture of what we presume would be the typical industry found on these sites, it is a picture of a cement factory. Have you ever lived near one of them? 24 hour noise and the problem of cement dust!

On page 28 is a table showing the positives and negatives for industrial development of the Pinjar South site.

Some Positives they cite are:
  • That the land is government owned and managed and is therefore less likely to present with land assembly issues.
  • Another is that the majority of the site is pine plantation or cleared agricultural land and so no native vegetation clearing permits will be required and aspects of vegetation clearing will not be a significant factor in environmental impact assessments or approvals.

Some negatives the government states about the development of this site are:
  • It interfaces with special rural and residential land uses to the south and east, and associated buffers to these sensitive land uses could restrict the developable area, depending on the industry type and potential for negative impact due to emissions.

  • Is this why the zoning of special Rural Lifestyle blocks between Coogee Road and Neaves Road has suddenly changed from proposed rural to proposed urban in the implementation plan of the East Wanneroo Structure Plan – this rezoning would solve a major problem for those who want to develop industry in this area. - C.R.E.W.

  • Another negative point they raise for their proposal is that the majority of the site is within a Priority 1 public drinking water supply area (PDWSA) and they state that an investigation into the removal of the Public Water Supply Area classification is required.

  • Obviously as far as the government is concerned the agenda for the removal of the P1 classification for this land is not the water quality of the Gnangara Mound but rather the removal of an obstacle to industrial development on this site. - C.R.E.W.

Another problem they raise for the development of industry on this site is that there are designated conservation areas including wetlands, Bush Forever sites and recorded Priority Flora and Fauna on the site. We wonder what their plan is to deal with this problem.

On page 13 of the East Wanneroo Structure Plan under the heading Wetlands, the government states that, “some wetlands may not have been assigned into appropriate management categories... some wetlands may have been lost altogether. Therefore, further investigation is required to determine appropriate management of wetlands through future local structure planning”.

Is this one of their strategies for overcoming the inconvenience of wetlands where they want development? - C.R.E.W.


What industry will be allowed on the site?

In the document P29 it states:
"There is some scope for Special Industry to be located in the northern and eastern part of the site where substantial buffers of more than one kilometer from sensitive land uses can be achieved. This may include Strategic Export / Knowledge-Based Industry (KICS/KIPS) or event sites and unique industry operations that may create dust, noise, smell and emissions/discharges."

This must mean that the northern and eastern part of the industrial estate will create dust, noise, smell and emission discharges, so much so they will need substantial buffers of one or more kilometers. This obviously implies that there will be two types of industry, one type needing buffers of one kilometer or more, the type that will create dust, noise, smell and emissions/discharges (implying heavy industry) and the industry that does not require such buffers, light industry. – C.R.E.W.


On P29 the government goes on to say:
“However, noting the sensitivity of this area in the context of the Gnangara Mound and to protect the groundwater resources of the Gnangara area, industrial development will be of a nature that does not pose significant risk of pollution or adverse impacts to the groundwater table.”

C.R.E.W.’s question to government is - Who quantifies exactly what significant risk is? Shouldn’t the government be saying no to any industrial development that poses a risk of pollution or adverse impacts to a priority 1 public drinking water supply area?


On page 29 the document further states that “No hazardous or offensive industries will be permitted. Industries that manufacture, use or store significant quantities of toxic or polluting substances will not be permitted within the development.

Could someone tell us how much toxic polluting material a business will be able to manufacture and or store on site before it is deemed a hazardous or offensive business and so not be allowed to operate on this site? And why should storage of any amount of toxic polluting materials be permitted on a Priority 1 Public Drinking Water Supply area? - C.R.E.W.


On page 29 it further states that in this industrial area “water management will ensure that the risk of pollution to surface water bodies and wetlands is minimized.”

This must mean that the use of toxic and polluting materials will be permitted and that the pollution of this priority 1 public drinking water supply area will be allowed, that is provided it is minimized. How much groundwater pollution will be allowed under this term “minimized”? - C.R.E.W.







HOW DOES A CEMENT FACTORY STACK UP?

Updated on 26th Dec 2009



Why has CREW focused on a cement factory?








Picture of Cockburn Cement

We believe a cement factory would fit the criteria of what government says will be allowed in the “special industry” area, and we also know that the so called “special industry” will exist within close proximity to suburbia, and be legally allowed to emit dust, noise, smell and emissions/discharges . So how does a cement factory stack up? -
  • Cement factories create dust.
  • Cement factories generate noise.
  • Cement factories generate emissions of; particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon dioxide, and as long as a plant’s emissions fall below the limit deemed to be harmful by the relevant health authorities, then the plant will be allowed to operate.
  • Cement factories can be located in close proximity to urban areas as this Google Earth aerial view of the Cockburn cement factory shows, with its problems for residents as reported in the Fremantle-Cockburn Gazette.

The Cockburn cement plant emissions are not deemed harmful for the average healthy person by health authorities, however if you or your child is an asthmatic or if you were an elderly person with lung problems you would probably feel such emissions were harmful.

Click here to view Google Earth picture of Cockburn Cement and surrounding suburbs.

Why have a cement or lime plant in this area? Swan Portland cement must have thought it was a good idea as far back as 1994.

A submission to build a quicklime factory ( seven kilometres from the proposed Pinjar South industrial site, Wesco Rd, Nowergup) on the edge of a Priority One Public Drinking Water Supply area, was made by Swan Portland cement in 1994 ( its calciner tower was to be 89 meters high). Given that the Environmental Protection Authority gave that project a conditional green light we believe they would probably say yes to a cement/lime factory on this land especially if the Priority One Public Drinking Water Supply zoning was removed.

What do you think?

Read their submission for yourself.
http://www.epa.wa.gov.au/docs/1417_B733.pdf


Some may be wondering if CREW is suggesting that a cement/lime factory will be built on the proposed industrial site. We are not. What we are saying is that given the government has not clearly stated the type of industry to be allowed on this site, a cement factory is possible.

We see the government as confusing rather than in informing the public as to what class or type of industry is proposed for this industrial estate.

Government sought public comment on the rezoning of East Wanneroo based on information contained in the the East Wanneroo Structure Plan. In that proposal a huge parcel of land was earmarked for industrial zoning, yet in the document there was only ambiguity and a brief reference to the type and class of industry proposed. On page (page 10, figure 5: Draft Gnangara Sustainability Strategy Land Use Plan) it states that Light industry was proposed, in another part of the document (on page viii) it was referenced by the words “light and general industry”. In the Implementation map (page 34, figure 13: Implementation Guide for the East Wanneroo Structure Plan) it was referenced in the legend as “Industrial”.

Residents were given just six weeks to:

A) Become aware of the existence of the East Wanneroo Structure Plan
B) Understand the implications rezoning will have on their lives
C) Send in their submissions.

On the 26th of November 2009 (just three weeks before the deadline for public submissions) another document was released by Government called the Industrial Land Strategy Perth & Peel stating that “special Industry” was proposed on this site. Special industry that may “create dust, noise, smell and emissions/discharges” and needed a one kilometre or more buffer from where people live. The document states that the industrial zone “interfaces with special rural and residential land uses to the south and east”.

So why wasn't this information included in the East Wanneroo Structure Plan given that it was published just three weeks prior to their Industrial Land Strategy Perth & Peel Document?

Our reasons for speculating on a type of industry that could find roots close to all of us in East Wanneroo, is to let residents know the possibilities and enable them to respond to these matters that affect them personally. Whether it is health, lifestyle, environment or property values or all of these issues, they need to know about it to be able to have a say. We believe it is in the resident's interest to decide whether or not they want to live in close proximity to industry that is allowed to emit industrial odours, industrial noise, industrial dust, industrial emissions/discharges, and indeed emit so much of it that these industries need a kilometre or more buffer from residential and special rural land. Many residents agree that it was, and is, impossible to make an informed decision on matters of industry in the East Wanneroo Structure Plan given the information contained in the document.

Also it is our opinion that there are inferences and confusions contained in the Industrial Land Strategy document about the degree to which industry can pollute the environment. We have sought to take out the confusion in this instance by stating what we believe they are saying – in red print, followed by the exact words in the government documents.

For example:

Industries that manufacture and store toxic, polluting substances WILL BE ALLOWED to operate on this site, provided the amount they store and manufacture is not deemed “a significant quantity” (what amount quantifies significant?) - CREW.
The government’s exact words on this (government speak page 29 Industrial Land Strategy document) “No hazardous or offensive industries will be permitted, industries that manufacture, use or store significant quantities of toxic or polluting substances will not be allowed within the development”.

Risk of groundwater pollution and the adverse impact upon the water table by industry WILL BE PERMITTED provided the risk is not deemed significant (remember this industrial site will sit on a Priority 1 Public Drinking Water Supply Area, there have many environmental catastrophes over the years caused by activities that were not considered a significant environmental risk ) - CREW.
The government’s exact words on this (government speak page 29) “to protect the groundwater resource of the Gnangara area, industrial development will be of a nature that does not pose significant risk of pollution or adverse impacts to the groundwater table’.

We ask the government to categorically state what types of industry will and won’t be allowed in this proposed industrial site in accordance with the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification; stating the division subdivision, group and class of its classification. Residents will then be able to use the federal government’s website to inform themselves about the exact types of industry planned.

The website has a mine of information on industrial classification, its address is;
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.NSF/0/5463F15A4D2FCBA0CA25711F00146D77?opendocument
Clicking on this address will take you to a page with the links below.

This section contains the following subsection;

Each division has its subdivision, for instance if you clicked on Division C Manufacturing you would go to a page containing the subdivisions under manufacturing;

When a subdivision is clicked you are taken to the grouping of industries under that subdivision. For instance if you clicked on Subdivision 20 Non-Metallic Mineral Product Manufacturing
You will be taken to;
And then say if you clicked on Group 203 Cement, Lime, Plaster and Concrete Product Manufacturing
You would be taken to its class of industry;
And then say if you clicked on Class 2031 Cement and Lime Manufacturing
You would be taken to the industry types in this class and relevant information for example,

Division C MANUFACTURING
Subdivision 20 NON-METALLIC MINERAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING
Group 203 CEMENT, LIME, PLASTER AND CONCRETE PRODUCT MANUFACTURING
Class 2031 Cement and Lime Manufacturing

This class consists of units mainly engaged in manufacturing portland, natural and other hydraulic cement from crushed limestone and clay/shale. Also included are units mainly engaged in manufacturing lime and lime products from calcareous materials.

Primary activities
  • Agricultural lime manufacturing
  • Burnt lime manufacturing
  • Cement manufacturing (except adhesive or refractory)
  • Exterior cement-based cladding manufacturing
  • Fibre cement exterior wall manufacturing
  • Hydrated lime manufacturing
  • Hydraulic cement manufacturing
  • Lime manufacturing
  • Portland cement manufacturing
  • Quick hydrated lime manufacturing
  • Slag cement manufacturing
  • Slake lime manufacturing

Exclusions/References
    Units mainly engaged in
  • manufacturing adhesive cement are included in Class 1915 Adhesive Manufacturing; and
  • manufacturing refractory cement are included in Class 2029 Other Ceramic Product Manufacturing.


 

Environmental Quote

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— John McConnell, founder of International Earth Day

Social Quote

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Australian social scientist, quoted by Noam Chomsky in World Orders Old and New

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